HTRI research reports provide member companies with information on state-of-the-art technology in heat transfer and fluid flow. The reports describe calculation methods, research data, and/or literature reviews. HTRI's research data are unique in that they are obtained in full-sized units using fluids characteristic of those in the processing industries. These reports also document and support the methods used in our software. In our commitment to provide members with a competitive advantage, we will continue to issue reports based on recently completed research.