F-EX-1-7 The History and Status of Research in Fouling of Heat Exchangers in Cooling Water Service
A review of research in fouling by cooling water is presented. The literature survey covers the period from 1924 to the present. Both theoretical and experimental papers are reviewed, and the more important of these studies are categorized in table form. Significant contributions are discussed with respect to theoretical developments and experimental apparatus as well as operating variables such as velocity, temperature, water chemistry, and material effects. An assessment of the current status of cooling water fouling is made, and several areas for future research are suggested.